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适合家庭养龟的技巧与攻略

原标题:适合家庭养龟的技巧与攻略

在一般人眼里,可能觉得养龟是一个很简单的活儿。其实不然,不管是在养龟前还是养龟后都是要做很多工作的。饲养龟虽不如养鸟那样繁琐,但也必须懂得饲养龟的一些必需的常识,就拿养龟前所要做的准备工作来说吧,你需要对它的饲养地、养殖必需品、饲料等进行准备。

露台

饲养场地的选择

在人工饲养下,许多龟行动表现比较躁。饲养的合理设施和隐蔽的生活空间,可减少这些影响。陆生龟的龟,一般要求水平方向大些。许多陆生龟需要隐蔽的空间,可设置盒子、树桩、石块或其它设施。饲养龟可在室外建池,也可在室内利用洗浴缸或玻璃缸饲养。室外建池的优点是面积大,空气清新,阳光充沛,尽可能得到与野外相似的自然条件,适宜饲养200克左右的龟。室内饲养,面积有限,龟爬动受到约束,阳光和空气不如室外,不利于它的生长。但设备体积小,形状自选,美观,可增添室内气氛。

一般重100克左右的龟,其活动面积仅为0.5平方米,池的高度可按饲养龟体长的2-3倍来设计。池壁四周光滑,防止龟逃跑,若池的高度不够,可在池的四周边缘加固翻檐铁丝网。池内的布置,对某些龟可在离箱底20cm玻璃墙上漆上浓密的黑边,这样会使它们觉得更安全。龟笼的底衬可以放上沙子、盆栽土和树叶,对许多龟来说这都是合适的垫料。许多海龟能养在沙砾和水泥的混合物的垫料上。龟的水生和陆生的环境应当能够拆卸,至少每6个月消毒一次。

作为观赏型龟饲养,一般可采用金缸、陶缸、瓷缸等。直径为20厘米,高15厘米的器皿中,饲养2-3只100克左右的龟较宜。饲养多了,水质易污染,且易发生争食现象。如果是同时饲养好几只龟,应设几个取暖、采食、饮水的地点,而且各点之间最好是都在龟的视线之外。这样可以避免过度拥挤,减少争食,抢水或取暖位置等现象。对于平胸龟来说,只能一缸养一只,以防互相咬斗,引起外伤。龟并不是长期生活在水中,它时常需要爬上陆地,因此,在缸内置些石块,以便龟自由攀登。

展开全文

钻纹龟

养龟必需品

(1)网兜:可用纱布或尼龙布做成圆形或长方形的兜。用来日常打捞龟粪便和吃剩的残饵。

(2)塑料管:准备一根长1米左右,直径为0.5-1厘米的塑料管,用来抽吸缸底污物等。

(3)温度计、水温表:玻璃仪器商店有售,一般购0-50°C范围内的水温表,用作测量水温和气温。

(4)卫生刷:家用清洗卫生间的球形带柄刷,用来清洗水池和饲养缸。

(5)消毒液:可用20PPM浓度的高锰酸钾或适当浓度的"84"消毒液。

(6)饲料盆:可用饭盒盖或其它陶瓷浅盆代替。

(7)饮水器:由于陆龟不能长期生活在水中,故应配置饮水盆一只,一般可采用陶瓷浅水盆,高0.5厘米左右为宜。

黄缘龟

饲料的选择

饲料是龟的营养源泉。龟为了维持其生命活动,必须从体外摄取各种必需的营养物质,以保证新陈代谢的正常进行。因此,合理、经济地利用各种饲料,是保证龟正常地生长、发育、繁殖及存活的物质基础。所以说,选择龟饲料尤为重要。饲料按其来源,一般可分为动物性、植物性、矿物性三种饲料。

1.动物性饲料

包括肉类、鱼类、虾类和家禽的内脏等,以及其它活的动物。龟喜爱食瘦猪肉、鱼肉、虾肉和家禽的内脏等。喂前应将硬的外壳、头、刺等锋利物剔除干净,以防划破龟的口腔、食管或肠胃。此外,按龟体型大小,将食物切成条、块状。因为过大的食物块,一不利于入口,二不利于龟消化。

2.植物性饲料

包括各种蔬菜、瓜果、草类等。植物含丰富的多种维生素,是龟不可缺少的营养物质。但不是所有的植物龟都能吃。如梨、山芋等龟不爱吃。龟一般喜欢吃苹果、香蕉 、蕃茄、青菜叶、浮萍等。投喂食物前,应将食物洗净并进行消毒方可投喂。苹果、蕃茄等应切成小块状或小片形,便于龟啃咬。

3.矿物性饲料

近几年,由于龟养殖业的兴起,一些动物饲料厂采用骨粉、鱼粉、微量元素混合剂等研制出专供龟食用的混合饵料。这类混合饲料营养元素较丰富,长期投喂,不会引起营养不良疾病。从饲料厂购买的混合饲料,必须经过加工才能投喂。投喂前,用水和植物油将粉状的饲料制成颗粒状,然后直接投入水中,初次投喂时,需观察龟的吃食情况。残剩的饵料应立即捞净,否则2-3小时后饵料溶化散开污染水质。

最后需注意:

给予适当的环境,给予天然、新鲜的食物,定期健康检查、定期驱虫,小心新进乌龟的传染病,养成及早就医的习惯。

以下是英文版:

In the eyes of the ordinary people, it may be that a turtle is a very simple job. In fact, no matter whether it is before the turtles or the turtles, it is necessary to do a lot of work. Turtle feeding is not as cumbersome but also birds, must understand some necessary knowledge of breeding turtles, take the turtle before work to do to prepare for it, you need to feed, breeding, feed and other necessities for its preparation.

1. selection of breeding grounds

Under artificial rearing, many 网上真人游戏网站tortoises are more impatient. Rearing reasonable facilities and hidden living space can reduce these effects. Turtles of terrestrial turtles usually require a larger level of direction. Many land turtles need concealed space to set boxes, stump, stone, or other facilities. The rearing turtles can be built outside the pool and can also be kept in a bath or glass cylinder in the room.

The advantages of the outdoor pool are large area, fresh air, and abundant sunshine, as far as possible to get the natural conditions similar to the field, suitable for raising about 200 grams of tortoises.

Indoors, the tortoise crawled area is limited, constrained, sunlight and air than outdoor, is not conducive to its growth. But the equipment is small, the shape is selected and beautiful, it can add the indoor atmosphere. The tortoise, which weighs about 100 grams, is only 0.5 square meters in area, and the height of the pool can be designed according to the 2-3 times the length of the rearing tortoise.The wall is smooth around the wall to prevent the tortoise from running away. If the height of the pool is not enough, the iron wire can be reinforced around the edge of the pool.

The pool arrangement of some turtles from the black side of the 20cm thick glass wall paint, this will make them feel safer. The bottom lining of the tortoise cage can be placed in sand, potted soil and leaves. For many turtles it is a suitable cushion. Many turtles can be kept on the pads of a mixture of gravel and cement. The aquatic and terrestrial environment of the tortoise should be dismantled, at least once every 6 months.

As ornamental turtle feeding, the general use of gold cylinder, ceramic jar, porcelain jar etc.. In a vessel with a diameter of 20 centimeters and 15 centimeters high, it is better to raise 2-3 100 grams of tortoises. Breeding, water pollution, and prone to the phenomenon. If a few tortoises are raised at the same time, there should be several locations for heating, feeding and drinking, and the best between the points is out of sight of the tortoise.

This can avoid overcrowding, reduce competition, grab water or heating position phenomenon. The turtle, one can only keep a cylinder, to prevent biting each other, caused by trauma. The tortoise does not live in the water for a long time. It often needs to climb up the land, so there are some stones in the cylinder so that the tortoise can climb freely.

2. the necessities of the Turtles

(1): net bag with gauze or nylon cloth made of round or rectangular pocket. It is used for daily salvage of tortoise manure and leftover bait.

(2) plastic pipe: prepare a plastic tube with a length of about 1 meters long and 0.5-1 cm in diameter, used to suck the dirt at the bottom of the cylinder and so on.

(3) thermometer, water temperature meter: the glass instrument store is available, generally purchase the water temperature meter within the range of 0-50 C, used for measuring the temperature and temperature of water.

(4) sanitary brush: the spherical handle brush of household cleaning toilet is used to clean the pool and feed cylinder.

(5) disinfectant: available 20PPM concentration of Potassium Permanganate or the appropriate concentration of "84 disinfectant solution".

(6) feed basin: can be replaced by the lid of a lunch box or other pottery and pottery.

(7) water dispenser: because tortoises cannot long live in the water, it should be a water basin configuration, the general use of ceramic shallow water basin is about 0.5 cm high.

3. selection of feed

Feed is the nourishment source of the tortoise. In order to maintain its life activities, the tortoise must take all the necessary nutrients from the body in order to ensure the normal metabolism. Therefore, the rational and economical use of all kinds of feed is the material basis to ensure the normal growth, development, reproduction and survival of the tortoise. So it's particularly important to choose a turtle feed. Feed, according to its source, can be divided into three kinds of feed, which are animal, plant and mineral.

1 animal feed

Including meat, fish, shrimp and poultry offal, and other living animal. The tortoise likes to eat thin pork, fish, shrimp, and the internal organs of poultry. The hard shell, head and spines should be removed before feeding, so as to prevent the tortoise from breaking the mouth, esophagus or stomach. In addition, cut the food into strips and blocks according to the size of the tortoise. Because of a large food block, one is not conducive to the entrance, two is not conducive to the digestion of the tortoise.

2. plant feed

It includes all kinds of vegetables, melon and fruit, grass and so on. Plants are rich in a variety of vitamins, which are indispensable nutrients for the tortoise. But not all the plant turtles can eat.

Such as pears, sweet potatoes and other tortoises do not like to eat. The turtle generally likes to eat apples, bananas, tomatoes, leaves of green vegetables, duckweed and so on. Before feeding the food, the food should be cleaned and the disinfectant can be fed. Apple, tomato and so on should be cut into small pieces or small slices to facilitate the gnawing of the turtles.

3. mineral feed

In recent years, due to the rise of turtle aquaculture, bone meal, fish meal, trace elements mixture is developed by mixed bait for the turtle to adopt some edible animal feed factory. This kind of mixed feed is rich in nutrient elements. Long term feeding will not cause malnutrition.

The mixed feed purchased from the feed plant must be processed to feed. Before feeding, the use of water and vegetable oil to make the powdery feed granulated, and then directly into the water, when the first feeding, it is necessary to observe the eating situation of the tortoise. The remaining bait should be cleaned immediately, otherwise the bait will dissolve and disperse the polluted water after 2-3 hours.

Reference :定帮龟盟,本文资料来源于网络,文章为原作者独立观点,不代表水族圈立场。

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